Posted by admin | Posted in Flowers and plants database | Posted on 17-12-2006
Fuchsia is a beautiful plant ornamental by its tender flowers, native of South America mostly. It’s popularly called Earring, at least in Romania, for its flowers which delicately flow alike real earrings. All Fuchsia species are charming decoration for your houses, their flowers wearing different colors, from white, pink, red, violet to several color combination, original and special too.
There are over 100-110 species of Fuchsia and over eight thousand hybrids and varieties all over the world. We remind you some of the most popular of its species:
Fuchsia Globosa – can reach 1 meter tall, green glace oblong oval leaves, with pendent flowers.
Fuchsia fulgens – has callous tuberous roots, small flowers with red sepals and purple petals.
Fuchsia coccinea- has red sprigs, sharp oval leaves disposed by three and small red flowers.
Fuchsia magellanica – Is a species native of Chile and can reach even 3 meters, with small oval leaves. Its inflorescence contains scarlet calyx and purplish corolla. Is one of the few species that can endure the frost even kept outside.
The most popular at all is Fuchsia Hybrida created by the cross of Fuchsia Globosa and other species.
The Earring plant loves full light, but no sunshine, so place it near the windows towards east or north. Fuchsia prefers a moderate temperature, approximately 20 degrees centigrade and moisture, so spray and water it and its leaves during summer. In this period is good to fertilize the Fuchsia with food substances reach in potassium. Also the potting soil has to be reach in clay.
On the other hand, don’t remove the Earring plant, it doesn’t like that and will lose its punks and flowers too.
Fuchsia is able to vegetate the entire year, but would be better if you prepare it for resting. Thus in autumn get the pot inside the cellar or any cold place, where it is kept without watering or just sporadic one. In spring, more precisely in February-March, you can bring Fuchsia well rested into your light and warm place and start to take care of it, by frequently watering. This is the specific moment when it’s repotted in a reach new soil containing leaves soil and sand. When the budding starts, be there and cut the sprig’s ends for a dense ramification. It’s good to repeat the practice by 2-3 times for increasing the flowering.
Fuchsia shrub and arrangement
By pruning, you can also bring the plant to the specific shape you want it to have. If you want the Fuchsia to seem like a shrub, follow this practice: cut all the secondary sprigs and wire here and there the sprig-mother on wooden stick. And only when the main sprig reaches at 40-50 centimeters tall you can do the pruning for its ramification.
How it’s like to have a beautiful multicolor Fuchsia? All you need to do is to plant in the same pot two or many different colored Fuchsias and interweave their stems. Be sure that you’ll obtain a charming Earring arrangement.
Fuchsia’s multiplication is easy to obtain, by cuttings (they are sprig’s segments with leaves, which are 10-15 centimeters lengthwise and cut at 1 millimeter under the first leaf). For rooting, the cutting’s base has to be clean of leaves and potted in moist sand. This multiplication practice will be done only in spring or summer. Just after Fuchsia has stricken root, pot each cutting in a small vase into a light soil.
Fuchsia danger and precautions
The main pest is red spider of whom presence is recognized by the green-yellowy taints of the Fuchsia leaves. You can prevent this pest by watering the leaves, because the red spider doesn’t like the moisture. Also the drought and light and water absence provoke the leaves falling.